Hartford Said to Weigh Sale of Life Unit to Sun Life (Update4)
By Zachary R. Mider and Sean B. Pasternak
March 5, 2009
March 4 (Bloomberg) -- Hartford Financial Services Group Inc., hammered by three credit-rating downgrades in a month, is in talks to sell most of its unprofitable life insurance unit to Canada's Sun Life Financial Inc., said three people with knowledge of the matter.
Breaking Hartford in two and selling most of the life division, which has $247.9 billion of assets, is among the options being discussed and an agreement may not be reached, said the people, speaking on condition of anonymity. Hartford held separate talks with MetLife Inc. that ended last month, two of the people said.
Hartford Chief Executive Officer Ramani Ayer is being forced to consider a breakup of the 199-year-old insurer after slumping financial markets led to a $2.7 billion loss in 2008. Standard & Poor's cut the rating to BBB yesterday and said losses at the life unit threaten the other half of the company, which sells property and liability policies.
Hartford "will be lucky" to reach a deal with Sun Life, even if Hartford has to pay Sun Life as much as $1 billion to take it, said Alan Devlin, an analyst with Atlantic Equities LLP in London. Shares of both companies rose on higher-than-average volume.
Hartford, which as recently as 2007 was relying on the life business for most of its revenue and profit, is getting stung by costs to cover minimum-return guarantees on variable annuities linked to the performance of stock markets. The Standard & Poor's 500 Index closed yesterday below 700 for the first time since October 1996.
"The uncertainty of this financial stress could erode Hartford's brand," Standard & Poor's analysts led by Shellie Stoddard said in a statement yesterday. Hartford's corporate icon, a stag, has been in use since at least 1861.
"Without commenting on any particular situation, Sun Life's commitment to business growth includes actively looking at all potential opportunities," Michel Leduc, a spokesman for Toronto- based Sun Life, said in an e-mail yesterday. Shannon Lapierre of Hartford, Connecticut-based Hartford declined to comment, as did New York-based MetLife's John Calagna.
Sun Life CEO Donald Stewart said in November that Canada's third-biggest insurer was weighing potential acquisitions in the U.S. The company freed up funds for acquisitions in December, when it sold 37 percent of fund manager CI Financial Corp. to Bank of Nova Scotia for about C$2.3 billion ($1.8 billion).
Sun Life, which trails Manulife Financial Corp. and Great- West Lifeco Inc. by assets, has a U.S. unit that sells annuities, group and individual insurance products and accounted for 25 percent of the company's C$15.6 billion in 2008 revenue.
Hartford's property and liability business is worth $4 billion to $8 billion, implying that the life business has a negative value, Joshua Shanker, an analyst at Citigroup Inc., estimated last month. The whole company's market value was about $1.5 billion yesterday.
In considering a breakup, Ayer is heeding analysts and investors including Jon Bosse, a portfolio manager at Los Angeles-based NWQ Investment Management who urged a review of the option on a Feb. 6 conference call. NWQ is Hartford's fourth- biggest shareholder, according to Bloomberg data.
Founded in 1810 as a fire insurance company, Hartford entered the life insurance market with an acquisition in 1959.
In addition to offering traditional life policies, Hartford was the fourth-biggest U.S. seller of variable annuities as of 2007, according to a Fitch Ratings report citing Morningstar Inc. data. Variable annuities typically allow a customer to invest in the market, with the insurer charging a fee in exchange for promising a minimum rate of return.
As the S&P 500 lost about half its value in the last 12 months, sellers of variable annuities saw their potential obligations to customers mushroom. With the S&P at its current level, those guarantees absorb almost all Hartford's excess capital, said Randy Binner, an analyst at Friedman Billings Ramsey Group Inc., in an interview yesterday.
Hartford is also seeking government aid under the Troubled Asset Relief Program. Ayer, 61, has said it stands to get as much as $3.4 billion from the U.S. Treasury and agreed to buy a Sanford, Florida-based savings and loan to qualify. The U.S. hasn't said whether it will include insurers in the program, which has ladled out hundreds of billions of dollars to banks.
Twelve U.S. life insurers have applied for relief and may get a decision from Treasury within three weeks, Frank Keating, head of the industry's main Washington-based association, said yesterday.
Ayer raised $2.5 billion for Hartford in October by selling preferred shares and debentures to Allianz SE that gave the Munich-based insurer rights to buy more than 20 percent of Hartford. At the time, Michael Diekmann, Allianz's chief executive officer, described the stake as a "pure financial investment" and said he didn't plan to increase it.
Hartford rose 51 cents, or 11 percent, to $5.14 at 4:01 p.m. in New York Stock Exchange composite trading, and Sun Life climbed 54 cents, or 3.1 percent, to C$17.98 on the Toronto Stock Exchange. The KBW Insurance Index rose 3.9 percent.
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